Genetic tests show that southern Egyptians are the most closely related to Ancient Egyptians. You have to remember that it's hard for an invading force to have much genetic impact on the native population. Now imagine such a native population being situated along the greatest river in the world, nurtured to great numbers by the extremely productive agriculture that river allows. With that in mind, it seems preposterous that the Ancient Egyptians were just absorbed by Arab invaders.
>>490631 you need to take into account even if the mongols had don't lose the motivation after each khan died the had to go back to Mongolia to bury the old khan and for the new khan to ascend to power so that gives the Europeans time to recover and rebuild a bit and come up with means to counter the Mongols and that's without taking into account rebellions that don't shatter the empire
being of all Irish decent I thought the Baltrogs of ancient Greece were the 1st inhabitants, name for toolbags that carried with them. but thanks for the update always beer more of an American history buff or overall world stuff.
Sparta is a weird state. I'm not just talking about the warrior culture that pervaded it; although you can't avoid that when talking about Lacedaemon.
It wasn't the first or the last political entity to be dominated by a warrior aristocracy, but as far as I know, it lasted in its form of governance by far the longest, and what's more, without handy external enemies to plunder to justify the existence of said warrior aristocracy.
How did this happen? And why didn't it implode? And how come we have virtually no mention of any strata of... Comment too long. Click here to view the full text.
Zoroastrianism was associated with the Sassanids. When they faltered and collapsed, Zoroastrianism declined with them. The Sunni faith was vibrant, new, and supported by a growing empire so it had a definite upper hand in terms of being able to spread.
Can we have a non-/pol/ conspiracy thread about the khazars?
Pretty interesting people 2bh
For people who don't know: >khaganate straddled between the Byzantines and the Umayyads in what we would now call the Caucasus and fringes of eastern europe >acted as a bulwark against islamic forays into Europe >gained extreme wealth in controlling trade along their expanse >in the 8th century, khazar royalty and some nobility definitely converted... Comment too long. Click here to view the full text.
Looking at America today it's surprising how much Marx got right about the future of industrial societies: >Productive forces being suppressed by productive relations >Alienation >Increased concentration of wealth by the few accompanied by the impoverishment of many
And yet Americans are still among some of the most opposed people to Marx's theories in the world. Why?
>>Increased concentration of wealth by the few accompanied by the impoverishment of many
hasn't happened, and likely will never happen. Marx was fundamentally hampered by the misunderstanding in economics inherent in the LTV that he worked with: wealth is not static, and can be generated in ways that don't involve the stealing of it from others.
So while it's true that the tippy top rich have enorsmously more than the poor do, and you... Comment too long. Click here to view the full text.
>>489813 >Just as much as you can't blame all crusaders for Venetians ransacking Constantinople. Dude, go read Nicetas Choniates, the venetians were the least damaging party in the 4th crusade. It's the fucking franks who totally nigged out.
>>489628 my heritage is also from the Orkney Islands, Scotland. A region that was entirely settled by vikings exclusively . There's no doubt that I have blood from men who kidnapped, raped, pillaged, and murdered
>>489528 I think if the deep questions can't be answered or not doesn't really matter. What seems to matter is what we'd if we imagine for a second we could and then presume we did. What would we do with it?
And you should take in account that would not only change Italy, but the whole Europe, do they keep a strong state? Then they wouldnt be the easy prey for the Franks liek the Lombards were. Do they keep close relations with teh Visigoths? A strong Gothic Alliance could have emerged.
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