What's a good book about the history of cannabis? Not just since prohibition began, I want to read about the whole history of the plant, from antiquity through modernity. Books focusing on the history of hemp are fine, too.
Drug history thread, I guess.
What can you tell me about the aztecs?
Why did Ottoman Sultans insist on taking European slave wives rather than marrying into powerful local dynasties like most monarchies?
seems kind of pathetic, no? I mean most empires at the time looked down upon marrying subjugated peoples
I'm speaking of reading high level theoretical papers on Byzantine and Ottoman methods of extraction of social surplus but the non-manorial pseudo-"feudalism" in the Marxist sense, which is painted as a "tributary mode of production" by some seems to form a stable aristocracy below the level of state power that has a greater semi-independence in stable extraction but a far weaker control over violence than the European aristocracy.
This would leave marrying into the aristocracy as a less valuable dynastic manoeuvre.
What's the difference between moral nihilism, amorality and immorality?
Post successful leaders.
Most people don't know that Mexico is the only country in North America to have a monarchy. Mexico became independent from Spain as the Mexican Empire. From 1821 to 1823 it was ruled by Augustine I of Iturbide. It was overthrown by Santa Anna. The monarchy was reinstated from 1863 to 1867 by Maximilian I of Habsburg. It was overthrown by Benito Juarez. Do you think Mexico wouldn't be the so ducked up as it is today if it had maintained a similar system of government as Japan, England and other countries?
What do you guys think happened in the Fuhrerbunker during the ending months of the war in Europe?
Chill out bro
I'll attack the Rebs when I'm good and ready
Dude, if you don't hurry up we'll miss a golden opportunity to crush the rebellion
I get the reasons of why 'standard' christianity and islam are still relevant, but how can somebody still believe mormonism is true?
A Mormon said it was, and they're like creepy religious robots or something.
What does /his/ think of the IRA?
Bit biased cause my family was heavily involved.
But they had very legitimate reasons early on, they were completely right to fight for the establishment of the republic.
For me it only becomes mucky with the issue of violence around northern ireland.
However it has to be said that many of those involved where from northern ireland, and were actively being oppressed. Violence can be expected of the alienated and oppressed.
But it is hard to say that all of the violence in regards to northern...
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How did Switzerland transform itself from literally the ooga-booga of Europe to peaceful mountain Jews? How did the country that as late as the 16th century was still known as extremely belligerent and uncultured ways become a beacon of neutrality in the early 19th century? It's really a mind-boggling transformation.
You had Martin Luther in Germany. His equivalent in Switzerland was Huldrych Zwingli doing protestant reformation in the german speaking parts and Jean Calvin in the french parts. now the swiss cantons (states) were religiously split and had some internal wars, making them unable to follow their current course. Till then they were able to aggressively wage war against other states but now lost their ability to find consens for a united course of action. the cantons were bound to not wage war independently against the interest of the other cantons.
Till the early 16th century it was pretty strong militarily. In the 15th centruy they won pretty much any battle they fought. they sent their mercenaries to anyone who could pay them. eventually swiss armies lost battles in northern italy (early 16th century), where on the enemy side a big portion of the foot soldiers were swiss. that was a pretty big shock. Also, they started to fall behind technologically. till then they justified their wars by saying like "only god grants victory, and victory is on our side". now the tables turned.
Those are the two stories being told in switzerland, why we are neutral.
While we're on the topic, how was Calvin's Geneva? I heart all sorts of versions, from Calvinus being basically a theocratic dictator to a liberal reformist.
I really don't want to take it to one of the theology threads. Those guys have some weird agendas.
So which one would you put on your tombstone then /his/?
Atheist here, but I would have the eagle as it best represents myself, and my beliefs, and the county I love.
>being an atheist and wanting to be buried
what a fucking waste of space, just get cremated.
Also it is hilarious that you feel too intelligent for religion yet still fall into basic traps like nationalism.
When the Vikings were granted Normandy by King Charles the Simple, they had to convert to Christianity as part of the agreement.
During the centuries after the Normans were responsible for building many churches, abbeys, and nunneries (many of which are now landmarks).
My question is: what would have happened if the Vikings kept their heathen Gods instead of converted to Christianity? What are the implications of a powerful, heathen, quasi-sovereign state (duchy) during the middle ages? What would the modern day religious landscape look like had a heathen King...
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Ali is loved by the Shi'a, the Alawites, the Druze and the Sufi. He is respected by not as loved,arguably, by the Sunni. Yet none of the Mohamed's Sunni successors have a cult following in other Islamic sects.
Shi'ism is a political position.
The Alawites and the Druze aren't Muslim. Look at their beliefs rather than the "Islamic theme" they "syncretised" with their beliefs, and you'll see what I'm talking about.
Why does Hell exist?
I mean if we were created by a loving God and for making a mistake we are condemned to an eternity of torture then what the actual fuck.
Note: Christians can't claim there isn't a Hell because according to the Apostle's Creed and Christian tradition Jesus actually went there to free souls, and Muslims can't claim there isn't a Hell either because the Quran is full of vivid descriptions of it.