Francis Fukuyama said that the Russians are corrupt despots because the mongols tyranized them so hard that corrupt despotism just became a part of their culture. Is this true or is Fukuyama full of shit? Is Russian brutality just a Mongolian meme?
It is not a meme, claiming Mongol heritage was common even for the last Rurik tsars as a way to gain more prestige. The oppressive autocratic police state and eternal hunger for clay is what mentally separates them from other Slavs.
Fukuyama generally is full of shit. His 'End of History' essay is so short-sighted and west-centristic it makes me wanna tear the paper apart. I thought we dropped the teleological views on history after the dismissal of Hegel. Apparently political scientists still haven't reached that point.
Is population growth essential for a functioning economy?
I am just a layman, but I had a discussion with my friend about the subject. He claimed that population growth is just unnecessary while I claimed population growth is beneficial, which is partly why immigration to Europe is so big.
My concerns with population growth driven by immigration is where does it stop?
The excuse used to justify it is that population growth for the native population in most Western countries has fallen below the replacement rate since the '60s/'70s. Therefore need young immigrants to work and directly/indirectly support aging populations
But assuming that those young immigrants (or their offspring) assimilate towards Western reproductive norms, and themselves decide they'd much rather have 1-2 kids or no kids at all, what happens then?
Who will... Comment too long. Click here to view the full text.
The real trick wouldn't have been getting to America.
It would have been getting back.
Given how much maritime trade there was in classical antiquity, it doesn't surprise me that at least one ship would fuck up so badly they'd inadvertently conquer the Atlantic. But without triangular sails, booms, or any knowledge of the prevailing winds, it would be impossible to return to Europe.
Before 10,000BCE or so humanity was a species of hunters and gatherers. As a rule men did the bulk of the hunting of animals and women did the bulk of the gathering of plants and similar. But at the date previously mentioned things began to change in what's now Iraq. Basically some of the gatherers began to realize they could get more out of the fields of wild wheat that relied on had if they removed the various non wheat and barley plants plants and that they could use some of the seeds that they otherwise would eat to grow more plants. Eventually these ladies turned to... Comment too long. Click here to view the full text.
Around the time of Julius Caesar Rome had a population of a million people, it was one of several prominant urban centers with hundreds of thousand of people in the Roman Republic/Empire. This was achieved by complex infrastructure to supply Rome with food, water and keep it clean. Rome had apartment buildings, factories and a wide variety of specialization of labor. You would find a few urban centers meeting the size of Rome here and there afterwards (Chang'an, Baghdad, Kaifeng and eventually Tokyo) elsewhere
After the collapse of the Roman Empire the dozens of... Comment too long. Click here to view the full text.
Put your strawman away. Nobody says the Dark Ages never happened, just that it doesn't encompass the entirety of the millenium that is the middle ages. It also needs to be acknowledged that they were largely restricted to Europe; China and elsewhere didn't give a shit about it beyond maybe "damn, where'd that trade go?", and even then there was still the ERE
I vote for the battle of Texel, fought between The Dutch navy and French cavalry. Pic related. They snuck across the ice by covering their horses hooves in cloth to avoid waking the sailors and captured 14 icebound ships. No casualties. The only known time in history that cavalry captured a fleet.
I haven't watched it, but Germany doesn't have any realistic means of knocking out the UK, let alone the U.S.
The only way they "win" WW2 is to knock out the Soviets, build up a huge fortress Europe, endure strategic bombing for a couple of years, and eventually sign a peace when it becomes clear they aren't going anywhere (and even this is a huge longshot)
In that time, the U.S. uses and deploys the atomic bomb, rendering large areas of Continental Europe baking, irradiated... Comment too long. Click here to view the full text.
Yes. Industrialisation and the development of modern farming equipment rendered the work done by slaves obsolete. It would be more economically beneficial (at least, in theory) to emancipate slaves to become consumers in a capitalist society instead of having them live off their masters.
>>426248 He knew about it but pretended that he didn't. He intentionally made it difficult to test and study the virus because at the time the vast majority of victims were gays, and he was a raging homophobe.
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