But still one of the four most significant powers involved in the European war. (six if you add the east with China and Japan)
Fought alone for a while in Africa. About half the troops during D-Day were British/Commonwealth. Significant presence in the east. RAF active throughout the war, from beating LW in the BoB to pretty much constant bombing runs against Germany. Also Royal Navy was fine.
It benefited in a way that they have built the strong social state they have now in the aftermath of the war.
He was the ruler of Wallachia, which at the time acted as kind of a buffer zone between Europe and the Ottoman empire. That meant he had to constantly fight to keep in power, and stop the Ottomans from taking over Wallachia. He was apparently pretty brutal about that. He also spent most of his childhood in a Turkish prison and was later betrayed by his brother who ended up becoming an Ottoman sympathizer, so he probably hated the Turks enough to have been more cruel than necessary.
That being said, almost every story we have about his cruelty is probably exaggerations.... Comment too long. Click here to view the full text.
>>326390 I mean, I'm not an authority on his time as a ruler, but I know a lot of the love his because of his Meditations. Which is actually a fantastic philosophical work and makes stoicism really appealing.
How do you even make a society this oppressive without causing some sort of revolution? It's like Kim Il-sung read 1984 and thought "hmm what a brilliant idea". Is it even possible for NK to recover if they ever become free?
>>326244 I agree there's a lot of propaganda (which is easy considering the lack of reliable information coming out of DPRK), but don't try to sugarcoat the fact North Korea is a Stalinist dictatorship with some of the tightest forms of social control in the world Their labour/re-education camps alone are worse than anywhere I can think of
As we all know, WW1 marked the decline of the west. The only thing that was ultimately able to topple European hegemony was Europeans themselves. With that in mind, what would have happened if WW1 didn't occur, or at the very least was not as cataclysmic as it was? Would decolonization still have happened, or would European hegemony continue through most of the 20th, possibly into the 21st, century?
>>325999 Top hats never would have gone out of fashion.
Also, everyone would probably still be racist, because the europeans would have an interest in keeping public opinion in favor of continuing to subjugate the colonies and maintaining maximum control over them, in order to extract all those resources with impunity, which would be more difficult if the locals begin to get a say in governance, or any respect from the european public.
The european states would probably be forced to become more decentralised, or... Comment too long. Click here to view the full text.
When the Roman Empire fell, the territorry they occupied didn't not inhabited. Which says me that, even on the late Middle Ages, such trace of the roman empire (like the Colosseum and the Roman Forum) could not be ignored. If that's so: Why they look deteriorated?
It seems as if no man had contact with them since the fall of the roman empire, even if they were relatively close to inhabited territories during the Middle Ages (specially Rome itself). I read about it, and supposedly in the Middle Ages, the materials of the ruins where used for other buildings,... Comment too long. Click here to view the full text.
Hey guys, currently I was thinking about what was it - which tenets, one might say - that made Islam "profitable" for the 7th (and later) century Arab man to pick up - outside of bing forced into it by conquest, I mean. I assume the OK to expand by conquest and the double standards for muslims/non-muslims played their part, but surely there must be more to it? Also, if any of you know any literature on this that you would recommend, I would very much appreciate that.
>>325784 Sure, so if you're looking for a kind of cynical explanation for why so many Arabs converted, one explanation would be that the first Caliphs actually did not encourage conversion that much so that the jizya would be shared among a smaller group. This was one of the differences between the 'Alids and the Ummayads, among many others.
You realize of course that in this timeframe, literally everyone who was an "Arab" lived in Arabia and was part of the earlier conquests, most of which were completed during Muhammad's lifetime. If you're referring to people in Mesopotamia, Egypt, the Levant, North Africa, etc. etc. then my answer would be a bit different.
What I would say is that Islam wasn't all that different than many of the ambient beliefs that people already had in many of these places, especially non-orthodox christians and Jews. Even the Arab polytheists had Allah as the master god to be worshipped at the Kaba. This just got rid of them with many of the other facets still there, like throwing the stones etc.
On a more personal but not quite "profitable" level, part of Muhammad's project initially at least was to breakdown the existing tribal hierarchies and increase equality. For that part of the world in the 7th century, there was something to that, even though we don't think of it that way now. Some of his early companions didn't have his status and were forced to go to Ethiopia to avoid persecution and then later joined him in Medina. For others, conversion meant that some of the societal fetters that constrained them would be loosened, especially if they could share in the results of the conquests.
>>325784 A sense of brotherhood and unity in a world where tribal ancestry was extremely important and blood feuds lasted centuries.
What you have to understand is that Islam was essentially a social revolution in Arabia, increasing rights for everyone and demolishing existing social convention. It's been compared to communism by some but that goes too far, but I'd say it had the same sense of calling everyone comrade and shit.
Is the history of the Chechen people much beyond intertribal/interclan warfare and warfare with outside powers? What was the historical impetus that created such violent cultures in the North Caucasus?
Assume God has always existed and the universe has existed only finitely. I will prove God didn't create the universe.
Assume the opposite, that God created the universe. Since the universe has existed for a finite time, and God for an infinite time, he must have waited an infinite time, but you will never finish waiting an infinite time, therefore he never created it, therefore the universe doesn't exist, but it does; a contradiction.
>That is how I'd like to show myself to you: faithful, modest, nobleminded, imperturbable. What and immortal, too, and eternally young and immune from disease? No, but as one who can die in a god-like way.
>that lies in my power, that I can do, but the rest is not in my power, nor can I do it. I'll show you the sinews of a philosopher. And what sinews are those? Desire that never fails in its aim, aversion that never falls into what it wants to avoid, motivation that accords with one's duty, purpose that... Comment too long. Click here to view the full text.
Who was the best Naval commander in history? I nominate Chester Nimitz. What he did simply could not have been accomplished by any other Naval commander in history. What do you guys think makes a truly good Naval commander, and how is it different from that of an army commander?
What do you honestly think Nimitz did that was so special? Not much really, US leadership in the Pacific left a lot to be desired compared to other theaters of war. Don't get me wrong, he was OK, but he's guilty like all the rest of failing to incorporate economics into the broader war strategy. Only 4% of carrier strikes were targeted at Japanese merchant shipping but they did 13% of the damage.
It's just stupid reading about how admirals and even guys like LeMay prolonged the war for months by completely ignoring this issue.
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