What went wrong, /his/? It used to be one of the most powerful nations in Europe, and it suddenly disappeared in a period of 30 years.
The Liberum Veto. That's seriously it, the frequent devastating invasions in the 17th century didn't help but the petty noblemen paralysing the government because muh ancestral rights was 100% responsible for it becoming a failed state unable to defend itself surrounded by 3 great powers, and once you're a failed state unable to defend yourself surrounded by 3 great powers the rest is inevitable.
>What went wrong
Growth of Russia, and Prussia into strong regional powers, continued supremacy of Austria, and the decline of Poland-Lithuania after decades of conflict with the Kingdom of Sweden bringing only Pyrrhic victories in the end
>le epic hussars
Polish cavalry was only notable because they were the only ones still using heavy cavalry that late, shot and pike was slower to take hold in eastern Europe than in the west so it was viable for longer. There was nothing special about them compared to earlier western European knights other than the knights had stopped existing.
1. Ukrainians get pissed due to Polish assimilative policy and general szlachta fuckery.
2. Ukrainians and Poles have a series of wars which leave no clear winner but devastate both.
3. Russia uses that as an opportunity.
4. Swedes come.
5. Liberum veto and szlachta fuckery.
turks were least evil to PLC, hell they actually were most honorable enemies
at least they fought on battlefields, instead of keking polacks into submission thanks to shitty muh democracy system
Too much time spending behind a book,actually.If anything.Most countries who're spreading the belief that Poland was an insignificant hell hole are the countries who've wronged her more than once in the last 200 years.It's a way of justifying your historical behavior and recent mistreatment of someone who is the topic of your discussion.
Then why did peasants from Prussia,Russia and Saxony flee to the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth if it was that bad?
Then why did the whole Khmelnitsky Uprising (and plenty of other smaller ones) happen?
Although I'm not sure we're talking about the same time period here. 18th century, I'd agree with you. 16th and 17th, the period of magnates and folwarks, not at all.
Khmelnitsky had a feud with another noble. It was personal and he was a drunk anyway.
Rebellions happened because lots of nobles were treating the Cossacks pretty badly. Ok, that may be oversimplification. The whole war was about priviledges. Some time later it seemed that instead of Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth we may get Polish-Lithuanian-Ruthenian Commonwealth but the Cossack elders backed off at the last moment.
>Then why did the whole Khmelnitsky Uprising (and plenty of other smaller ones) happen?
Cossacks wanted to be on par with the Szlachta. The fact, that king lowered Cossack registration didn't help either.
He was okay until he sent his son to take Moldavian throne and started to think he could manage his own country. That pretty much ruined the chance of the Commonwealth of Three Nations.
>The fact, that king lowered Cossack registration didn't help either
Neither did the fact that common peasant and even city (because many Ukrainian cities were controlled by the magnates) population got exploited to hell and back. In fact the contradiction between the goals of common people and lower cossacks (establishing a free state) and higher-ups (becoming a ruling class and making life for the common people slightly easier) was one of the reason for problems in the new Cossack state.
So, let's say I, important person in the government of the kingdom of Sweden bribe one of the magistrates to veto a reform. Now imagine not only me, but people from many other kingdoms do this too, would anything be done at all there?
The Deluge. The definition of a Pyrrhic victory.
"According to the estimates of Polish scholars I. Ihnatowicz, Z. Landau, A. Mączak and B. Zientara, the invasion by the Swedish army and its allies (Brandenburg-Prussia and Transilvania), resulted in the loss of 25% of the population in four core Polish provinces. Lesser Poland lost 23% of population, Mazovia 40% in villages and 70% in towns, Greater Poland 50% in villages and 60% in towns. Royal Prussia lost some 60% of its population."
"Almost all cities, towns, castles and churches in locations where Swedish troops were stationed were destroyed; and as prof. Rottermund says this can be seen even today, as in guides to many Polish towns and cities one will find a note that says "object destroyed during Swedish invasion". From the Royal Castle in Warsaw the Swedes stole app. 200 paintings, a number of carpets and Turkish tents, musical instruments, furniture, Chinese porcelain, weapons, books, manuscripts, marbles, even dresses of maids and door frames pulled from walls."
>bashing liberum veto
now it sounds silly, but at the time it was a must.
The government was too weak to enforce law in the voivodeships, so the only way to get shit done was to make laws everyone agreed with.
a small minority were Balts, most of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania spoke an East Slavic language
yeah, elective monarchy is shit, it was pretty much a gateway for Russia to get involved in Polish politics
this is true as well
>now it sounds silly, but at the time it was a must.
>The government was too weak to enforce law in the voivodeships, so the only way to get shit done was to make laws everyone agreed with.
Well sure, but in the long term it ruined the whole country