I don't think the Cold War would have been as long or intense. The commies originally had nice intentions but went to shit after a bit, my grandpa even fought for them. The KMT also had some unpopular warlord support. Perhaps initially KMT China would not have been very successful, but with western support and influence it would be a nice place to live today.
China would likely be worse for wear, or even balkanized now. The Kuomintang was entering the stage with a new ideology, uniting all different races in China at the time, which most weren't receptive to.
The Kuomintang was also a pretty weak government, and China would likely still be a backwater because of it.
If Chiang had been able to take out Mao in the 1930s, it's possible the Communists would have been eliminated as a threat for awhile. However, the Japanese would have still caused substantial defeats on KMT forces and as a result the KMT's legitimacy would have been questioned by Chinese citizens. It's probable that the Communists would have reconstituted themselves in the war years and probably would have begun fighting the KMT again, but if Mao was not around its unlikely that they would have been able to receive Manchuria from the Soviets after 1945 and as a result they probably wouldn't have been able to establish a significant territorial foothold in China from which to conquer the rest of the country. Either way WW2 was going to fuck the KMT whether the communists were still around or not.
>>10304 Not sure how you figure that. Japan still would have gotten bogged down in the interior by 1938, they never had the manpower or resources to fully subdue China, whether the Communists were still around or not wouldn't have made a significant difference. Arguably the KMT would have been more of an effective fighting force, since they could concentrate their efforts at fighting just the Japanese instead of constantly wasting resources against the Communists.
Present-day China under the KMT would basically be the same as the situation with Communists in charge: massive wealth ineqaulity, with wealth concentrated in the coastal cities and massive poverty in the countryside, capitalist/state capitalist exploitation of workers and the environment, massive corruption and police state, etc. There probably wouldn't be all that much difference for the common Chinese person. Geopolitically there would be much more peace between the region's nations and NK would have disappeared by now.
>>5168 It was corrupt and authoritarian because much of the state had been destroyed during the Sino-Japanese War leaving the worst elements intact. The recent Mitter book at least illuminates to me that the changes in social policy and the very relationship between the people and the state that was carried over in both Taiwan and the mainland was due to the Nationalists.
The Communists survived the war largely intact in Yannan. They had stockpiles of arms captured from the surrendering Japanese turned over to them by the Soviets as well as Japanese Army officers pressed into their service. The Nationalists were dealing with American weariness (due to several issues including corruption) and lack of support as well as their decimated ranks (Chiang's elites units had all been) and collapsing support amongst the populace.
>>16731 Do not forget that Americans actively support the communists because most agents "on the ground" in China were communist spies like Owen Lattimore and Edgar Snow. That had a huge influence in American policy, these were the guys that convinced the American public that the KMT was corrupt while the Communists were just agrarian reformers.
>>16834 This is because what Edgar Snow was selling what Americans wanted to head. People pulling themselves up from their bootstraps not stories of famines and people impoverished by the war and fleeing military service or that the American military leaders had wasted Chinese forces on quixotic quests that resulted in entire divisions being lost . This ultimately ties in with America's pre-war vision of building China into America 2.0, which instead you could argue probably ended up happening to Japan instead.
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