How did people deal with trash before? In Rome they threw all the amphoraes which contained olive oil onto this big pile, which still stands today, because the olive oil seeped into the clay and would ruin it, making it unusable for other purposes due to the smell and the chemical reactions happening to it.
Any other interesting stories on how people have dealt with trash?
>Chuck it in the streets for most part.
Basically. It's how Europe had the black plague. Anywhere that does not have running water, you can count on garbage, and even human waste in the open in the streets. You can look at modern day India and non-industrialized countries to have a good idea what it's like.
Manufacturing and the introduction of plastic has made trash issues so very much worse. Even now, there's a giant pile of Chinese garbage just floating around the Pacific.
>It was the scene of jousts and tournaments during the Middle Ages, when Monte Testaccio was the scene of pre-Lenten celebrations. As part of the festivities, two carts filled with pigs were hauled to the top of the hill, then allowed to run back down the steep slope to be smashed to pieces along with their porcine passengers. The watching revellers would then dismember the pigs on the spot and carry the parts off to be roasted and eaten.
But that brings something to mind; when did most people in Europe start to drink water? I've read that it wasn't to uncommon for people to drink beverages containing alcohol not just because the water was poor but also because the alcohol killed the bacteria and such and that this was quite common in Europe even during the start of the 20th century.
Did people start to drink water when they managed to get running water and after all the prohibition movements reached their peak?
Just look at India today as >>86421 mentioned. In the west today we have a whole different mindset towards recycling then they do when it comes to plastics but at the same time a butcher in their country probably pick an animal clean and sells it while in the west we only eat some very specific parts, sorta like Europe was before.
I hear that, but how would farmers know about pathogens? Do I misunderstand what pathogens are, maybe?
Not at all times but that it was preferred by those who could afford it. Plus, it was a time in which water contained a lot of diseases and such and a time in which a lot of people made their own alcohol.
I don't think either they drank it in such huge volumes but I definitely think it was very important to people because it was the only "safe thing" to drink, in a sense.
They didn't know WHAT it was but they knew it existed. They knew that water which has been standing still for a few days is probably not drinkable and they probably knew that people threw all sort of stuff into the lakes/rivers at this time which contaminated it, Hell, they probably dumped their stuff there as well.
They wouldn't know the science but if their neighbors who had been drinking beer their entire life lived to 40 and their other neighbors who only drank water only lived to see 20 they would make those connections pretty quick.
That's metal as fuck. At what point in human history did we start giving a fuck about animals? To be completely honest if I had the chance I would totally participate in cart-based pig dismemberment.
As an example, Medieval/Tudor/Elizabethan London was probably not as filthy as people probably assume.
There were large numbers of gongfarmers to empty private cesspits, 'scavengers' who were employed to clear the streets, as well as a host of ordinances that enforced fines on those who dumped human and animal waste in the street (people were responsible for the spaces outside their houses/business, though these rules were enforced to differing levels of strictness at different times).
One should also consider pre-modern people's attitudes to foul odours and filth. Disease was often considered to be caused by bad smells or miasma emanating from bad smells. So often one finds that medieval cities were strict on getting rid of the sight and smell of human waste without addressing the underlying causes (no sanitation system + seepage into drinking and utility water).