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Archived threads in /sci/ - Science & Math - 215. page
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> Saturn
> has 6 letters
> 6th planet from the sun
> Has a strange 6 sided magnetic cloud formation on its axis
> 60,000 radius
> Only planet in the solar system with rings
What the fuck is going on with Saturn ?
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>>8230612
>> Only planet in the solar system with rings
>>
>>8230614
uranus and neptune rings are shit tier
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>>8230617
What about Jupiter's rings?

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>try to learn something
>things start to get hard
>give up
>try again with something different
>give up
>believe that if i work hard enough i can do it
>know deep down i'm a dumbass and no amount of hard work can make up for it


sucks being a brainlet, just waiting to die, oh well, at least i can find solace in the fact that i'm not...
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What are you having trouble learning?
>>
>>8230975
how to not make shit threads on /sci/, apparently
>>
I know that feel OP.

I've been given a conditional offer to begin studying at a prestigious school in my country, and one of the entry requirements is a written essay.

I've been losing sleep, pacing around my room and slapping myself across the face for days and I can't even write a single coherent paragraph.

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Anyone into Rigid cohomology? Gotta get into it, looks tough...
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>>8230480
I hardly know any crystalline cohomology yet. It looks pretty hardcore, or maybe just new. The nLab page is lacking, so I will pirate a book and dig around a bit. I just want to figure out what the ambient ∞-topos is...
>>
>>8230480
Just starting to learn algebraic topology. Can't help you. Sorry.
>>
>>8230499
OP here, what can you tell about approaching geometry/concepts via \infty-topoi ?Are you alg. topologist at first?

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What do they listen to?
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Us.
>>
To Coldplayyy
>>
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>>8230407
Really?
They let you get away with this here on /sci/? Wow. I am really starting to question the integrity of this board. It's like highbrow >>>/x/, but /sci/ has more flat Earthers.
Well
Just golly...

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Wisdom teeth become impacted because the human jaw has become smaller over time and there's no space for them in the mouth.
Are there any other examples of evolution fucking things up for us so that we're only really saved by modern medicine? Will evolution continue to introduce these problems?
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>>8230358
Polio, AIDs, influenza, and Ebola. If you're talking about our own evolution, sickle-cell disease and appendicitis.
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>>8230358
my wisdom teeth never came in.what does this mean?
>>
>>8230394
It means that you're one lucky motherfucker.

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What does /sci/ thinks about the feathered dino theory?
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So cutting edge, none of us have heard of it yet. Why don't you tell us about it?
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>>8230069
paleonthologist believe that dinosaurs develop feathers as aesthetics
>>
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>>8230065
/x/ likes it
If dinosaurs became birds then there should be some evolutionary feathered first step. Pretty cool.

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/sci/, is my community college unusually "community," or is this shit acceptable now?
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>>8229902
>>8229902

I think it's acceptable as long as the information is accurate. If you feel some thing's fishy then cross check with another source. Community college is cool bro
>>
Considering most of my textbooks throughout college never credited a source for this type of thing, at least they own up to it.
>>
>>8229902
lol

Is the universe participatory, or objective?
Do the laws depend on the observer, or are they rather objective qualities?
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define observer
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>>8230548

Good one. Define "observer" in a 4chan thread. Haven't entire books been written on determining what constitutes an oberserver, especially in quantum mechanics?
>>
>>8229899

I would argue objective, in that there is existence and a set of laws and conditions that govern it outside our perceptions.

An example would be hallucinogens: Substances that alter our perception of reality and stimulate/inhibit our senses. If I took a hit of Salvia around a group of sober people and saw humpty dumpty appear out of nowhere and the colors get all weird colors for five mons there would be two different subjective interpretations of an objective reality between the individual and the group.

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If probability is objective, what is its nature? What kind of thing does P denote? Is it sensible to be realists regarding probability?
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>>8229890
Probability is not objective. Probability is shit.

I've thought of a better model for probability in where if something has a bigger chance of happening, it will always happen.

For example, for any coin in existence if you flip it, it will always fall in the same face because all coins have a deformity that will make it have a 50.000000000001% of being heads or tails instead of the other possibility.

This world would be objectively better for us mathematicians. However, other things like dice...
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>>8229904
>this universe is gay as fuck.

I mean the universe we currently live in is shit. The universe I am describing is simply just better.
>>
>>8229904
>I've thought of a better model for probability

This should be entertaining.

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In order for aliens to visit, they would have to perfect faster than light travel, or wormhole travel. When they arrived, they would find a laughably primitive human race in comparison to them. They would watch us the way we watch a chimpanzee use a stick to get termites from a mound. We have absolutely nothing to offer them, nothing we can teach them. Why would they bother?
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We would bother for the sake of colonisation, and later for mineral extraction. It would likely be the same story for them.

If they had travel capabilities beyond what we can imagine, then they might survey star systems on a very small scale, almost as if going on a hike.
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>>8229865
I would hope they would be intergalactic anthropologists, just coming by to observe us from orbit. Not the kind that want our natural resources.
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>>8229875
Why not choose a planet without living species? We already depleted some parts of our planet. Sort of intergalactic ecosystem law. and we know that there are millions of Earth like planets so they could choose something different.

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Who took this picture?
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>who

you mean what
>>
the photographer
>>
God

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Why are the true distances between objects in space not commonly taught? I mean just look at this image... People seem to think that the moon sits right next to earth like it does in most images, when in reality it is actually very far away.

Take a look at this: http://joshworth.com/dev/pixelspace/pixelspace_solarsystem.html
(press the little C icon in the bottom right to travel at the speed of light)
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>>8229756
It is commonly taught.
In grade school

Glad /x/ could help
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>>8229762
It isn't though, not more than "children did you know it's 384400 km to the moon 8^D". It has to be visualized
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>>8229770
>It has to be visualized
It is.
Your pic isn't the only image in textbooks. Your image is only to show relative size of the planets
>see pic of relative distance
Little children everywhere stand in classrooms, playgrounds, gymnasiums, and football pitches and mark off the relative distances.
That your local school district didn't push this understanding isn't indicative of all school districts.

As always, /x/ is happy to help

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From a mathematical standpoint, how do I improve my chess skills?
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>>8229669
Practice more.
>>
https://stockfishchess.org/

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Curry%E2%80%93Howard_correspondence
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>>8229669
What i did was played thousands of hours of online chess on the hardest AI

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Hello /Sci/, quick question.

Is Chemsitry a subject that somebody can learn to a high level from home with the use of textbooks + the internet?
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Why do you want to learn it?
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>>8229596

I want to make LSD.
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>>8229600
You won't get the lab experience you need. You'll find that you're quickly over your head. LSD production isn't the meth walk-in-the-park.

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I tried asking this question on /his/ but I don't know what I was thinking.

It seems kind of weird that someone who's half-black half-white will look closer to black than white, yet there are billions of people with lighter skin tones out there. If lighter skin is 'recessive', how did it end up so prevalent in the first place? I read that it has something to do with sun absorption and that people with darker skin obviously fair better in sunnier areas closer to the equator. But that doesn't really explain how there was any evolutionary pressure...
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>>8229543
>why is lighter skin favored in less sunny areas
vitamin d
>>
http://www.news-medical.net/health/What-is-Melanin.aspx

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Melanosome

The evolutionary pressure for skin tone is more likely dependent on sexual selection and population dynamics.
>>
>>8229556
Is the positive evolutionary selection for lighter skin because of vitamin D production really that extreme that darker skinned people would be out-bred? I mean if you look at darker skinned people in the north in the modern day, they have no problem with getting vitamin D. At least not to the point that it would affect their population growth if they weren't careful about getting the necessary amount through modern day supplements.

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If there was a giant hollow solid sphere made of a massive dense material and I was to live in the center of it, I wouldn't be pulled in to any particular surface due to the gravitational force from all degrees canceling each other out, but because there is a massive amount of gravity I'm being exposed to, I'd experience time much less slower and I were to watch earth from a distance, everything would look like it's played in fastforward.

Any holes in this theory ?
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>>8229513
Yep, if you don't feel any gravitational forces (i.e. the gravity is cancelled out because you're at the centre of a sphere) you won't have any time dilation effects either because there's no gravitational acceleration affecting you. Only in the presence of gravitational forces does time dilation come into play, and since the force acting on you would be zero you won't experience any dilation.
>>
just make sure you don't move and offset your c of g
>>
You don't even have to be at the center, the gravity is zero anywhere inside the shell. Well-known theorem, applies to general relativity (relativistic gravity) too.

Only problem I can think of is the shell collapsing on you.

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I know this is a long shot, but is anyone here a highschool math teacher?

I just transferred over from a community college to a nearby University's math program. Everyone within the program is telling me that I should try to take as many comp sci classes as possible (maybe even get a minor, or a double major in comp sci) because if I don't like teaching there's not much I can do with just a bachelor's in math.

I think I'll like teaching math. I always enjoyed tutoring people, and I think I do a pretty good job at explaining things to classmates...
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>>8229466
I'm not a teacher but I've heard horror stories about how it isn't what people expect.
>The school and board of education give you your curriculum and you are given only a small amount of flexibility with regards to how you can teach.
>Everyone hates you because the curriculum is ass, this includes but is not limited to students, parents, and teachers.
>The general public thinks you're just a parasite living...
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>>8229466
>>8229488

Hey, OP here. Here's another interesting tidbit on my exposure to teaching. My mom was a third grade teacher who quit because of overbearing shit from the administration. I don't know to what extent all of this goes, but from here it sounds like the principal was this new guy who was there to, in a way, trim fat. He would go find the oldest, most well paid teachers and 'observe' their classroom incessantly. According to my mom, she...
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I substituted for a 10th grade high school geometry class last year for 2 months. It was very difficult because you have to teach on a schedule, you are burdened with keeping grades up, not the parents or students, or else its review after review after review. Kids dont pay attention and dont take it seriously.

Basically, i was a babysitter that had to get kids to pass the FCAT or the school makes your life worse. The pay is shit too, but i was just a sub.

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Im 18 years old third worlder and im gonna study these math chapters in the 2016-2017 school years . Is the average 1st worlder ahead of me in maths or am i gonna be fine because im interested in studying in the us or canada
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>>8229393

>differential equations at 18

You're fine, buddy.
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>>8229393
I can't tell, It's written in French. I don't know if it's elementary algebra or other advanced algebra from highschool. Are you in Highschool/secondary school?

Try writing in detail what you're studying and at what level. You should really improve your English as well.
>>
>>8229401
Yeah im at high school , terminal year . And in my shithole we study 13 years in school not 12 like most countries .

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Retard here.

So Neptune is a ice giant, correct?

Mainly filled with water ammonia methane and so on.

I guess that mean it's not a water world, right?

For example, If I were to go down to the surface(assuming there is a surface) I would not splash down in alien waters, I would instead keep descending into clouds of methane and ice, right?

Also, it's gravity is 1.14 times that of earth. Does that mean it's one hundred and somewhat percent more than earth's, or is it just a fraction above earth's grav?
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>>8229389
The atmosphere gets denser and denser until it is a liquid under intense pressure.
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>>8229389
>it's gravity is 1.14 times that of earth. Does that mean it's one hundred and somewhat percent more than earth's, or is it just a fraction above earth's grav?

It means on the 'surface' you would weigh 114 pounds if you weighed 100 pounds on Earth. The gravity is less than you might think Neptune's size would generate because you are that much further from Neptune's center of mass on its 'surface'.
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>>8229453
>It means on the 'surface' you would weigh 114 pounds if you weighed 100 pounds on Earth.

i wonder what the long term effects would be on a human.

Its known that eyes start to change in zero gravity for example.
And not the good kind of change.

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How should I study math? I'm looking to start from scratch.
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>>8229347
Start with proving P=NP
that should do it
>>
Khan academy, easy shit.
>>
>>8229347
A lot of this threads lately. Read the wiki. If you've read then someone needs to rewrite it.

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>every action has an equal opposite reaction

>punch an object with 30 N of force
>there's 30 N of force in the punch's direction
>there's 30 N of force in the opposite direction to the punch

Energy doesn't disappear when applied in opposite directions so where the hell does the energy from for the "reacting" 30 N come from? Where is conservation of energy when you need it?
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>>8229282
You didn't blow anything apart. You just don't understand it.
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>>8229282
>where the hell does the energy from for the "reacting" 30 N come from
from the potential energy of the object you just punched
>>
>>8229282
There was no energy in the first place

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Maths describes the universe. Math is extremely deterministic. Therefore the universe is extremely deterministic.
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Probabilities is math too
>>
Math describes the universe well only in the parts where it's deterministic.
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>>8229228
Of course it is, the universe is a simulation,

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Why are humans so much smarter than animals? Shouldn't there be an intermediate form between super smart humans and stupid as fuck animals? Did a hominid like this exist except humans killed them all?
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They still exist

See : Australian Aboriginals, Pygmies
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>>8229165
If dolphins had better ways of retaining intergenerational information they would have reached similar levels as humans.
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>>8229197
Idk. Granted they're dumb but they're still closer to human intelligence than they are to something in between humans and animals.

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Ask questions about elementary math, up to college/university level.
I will try to answer.
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>>
>>8229102
>>8229099
Any thoughts OP. I can just go through the steps and figure it out from the book. But you did sorta say you'd try.. Just curious what you'd get.
>>
>>8229115
>>8229114
84 units

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I am going through Lang's Basic Mathematics. Reading from cover to cover, while he first part seems easy enough, the exercises are a bit difficult.

I shall explain, I know for a fact the rules by heart. So I have no problems performing the exercises that involve numbers. When it comes to "proving", I am quite stunned. Even though I "know" the rules, writing proof of it is another art (or so it seems).

I was never taught this at school, are there any recommendations on how to start proving things? I realize this must be a stupid question,...
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https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mathematical_proof

check out methods and go dig deeper from there.
>>
learn proof by induction.

ex: 1+2+...+n = n(n+1)/2

proof: case n = 1 , left side says 1, right side says 1(1+1)/2 = 2/2 = 1 , so the base case is true.

fix a natural number k, assume the proposition is true for k, then we show it's true for k+1:

1+2+...+k+(k+1) = k(k+1)/2 + (k+1)
= [k(k+1)+2(k+1)]/2 = (k+1)(k+2)/2
so the prop. is true for k+1.

Therefore by the principle of induction, the proposition is true for any natural number n (1,2,3....) .

QED

proofs by induction are a good way to practice basic proofs. Another...
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>>8229036
There is only one way to get better at proving and that is doing it yourself.

It is something every person studying mathematics has to learn and the intuition you gain from it will be what makes you good at maths.

For starting out I would suggest doing very easy things like proving something like >>8229060 or some field or set properties.

I read the space shuttle Atlantis travelled 126 million miles from 33 launches...

Are space shuttles more fuel efficient than cars?
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>>8229010
>I read the space shuttle Atlantis travelled 126 million miles from 33 launches...
>But I didn't read how much fuel it consumed during these 33 launches
>can I draw fuel efficiency conclusions from this?
aren't you supposed to be huffing glue somewhere in the corner over there?
>>
>>8229015

.... Dude, the majority of rocket fuel in this picture is solid propellant, right?

Liquid fuel is much heavier, right?

Look how big a 4 million gallon tank is. Its fucking BIG. And if you drive a car that gets 30 mpg, you'd use muvch more than 4 million gallons to go 126,000,000 miles.

This is kinda my basis for my argument

The logical conclusion is we should all drive spaceships to save the planet and truly go green.
>>
>>8229062
>The logical conclusion is we should all drive spaceships to save the planet and truly go green.
no

How much of consciousness is reliant on sensory input?

If you were to remove a person's brain from their body, and adequately supply it with everything it needs to continue functioning, such as oxygen, nutrients, and hormones, what is consciousness like for that person?

Is there anything left to be considered conscious? If so, is it just an existence of thought? What does that even mean?
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You are by definition not conscious if you are not perceiving anything.
>>
>>8228925

What would keep you from perceiving your own thoughts? What would keep you from thinking?

If you're right, would having *less* sensory input make you less conscious? For instance, was Helen Keller less conscious than another person who was blind only?
>>
>>8228931
I think you are just misusing the word "concious". You are not conscious when you are deep asleep.

Is a telescope a time machine?
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>>8228875
Take your pedophile cartoons back to >>>/a/
>>
>>8228883
I appreciate you.
>>
Paedophile cartoons to >>>/a/ please.

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What's the scientific explanation for this?
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>>8228823
what?
>>
Just the US being biased.
>>
>>8228823
Virtue signalling, step it up son.
Also this is more pol than sci

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Taking requests for articles/papers/journals that are behind paywalls. I'll check up on this tomorrow morning and try to get whatever you request in the next couple days.

Attached image is info I'll need. Try to include a DOI or URL.
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Sorry for the shit crop, I wasn't thinking
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>>8228618
are you hacking them or buying?
>>
>>8228729

Using school request system


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