No logic in biology? Bro, unless you're doing taxonomy that's complete bs
Everything revolves around food and reproduction. Everything is mostly conserved with slight tweaks from molecules utilized for chemical reactions, genetic information and body parts. Evolution is the change in the frequency of alleles (look up Hardy Weinberg). DNA encodes RNA encodes Protein.
We know that the space is expanding because of the redshift of the galaxies but, how can we compare the color we are receiving with the color they really are concluding the redshift if we do not even know their colors? Or do we know them?
How do we know that the galaxies are "green apples"?
Each element and molecule has it's own emission/absorption spectrum determined by it's electronic structure. The spectrum describes the frequencies of light that the atom/molecule can accept or emit, which depends on the differences in energy levels between electron orbitals, which critically depends on the composition of the atom/molecule.
Thus, spectral patterns act as a sort of fingerprint that scientists can use to determine chemical composition by just looking at light.
When... Comment too long. Click here to view the full text.
in MKultra style mind control what is the exact method of programming done on the brain to cause it to retain information?
I want to program a brain, however without splitting it into multiple personalities. Is trauma a required part of the programming or is it only necessary to split the subject into multiple personalities?
>>8124035 Repetition should be fine. If a person sees or hears the same mantra again and again over a period of weeks or even months, he will inevitably store it in his brain. This is a fundamental principle of propaganda. Just make sure the message isn't too long or too complicated. The shorter the memetic mantra, the easier it will spread.
According to Ben Rich they figured this out years ago:
>1 : “Inside the Skunk Works (Lockheed’s secret research and development entity), we were a small, intensely cohesive group consisting of about fifty veteran engineers and designers and a hundred or so expert machinists and shop workers. Our forte was building technologically advanced airplanes of small number and of high class for highly secret missions.”
>2 : “We already have the means to travel among the stars, but these technologies are locked... Comment too long. Click here to view the full text.
>>8123663 >cucks vote fascist law in >cucks build the infrastructure to crack down on dissenters >now cucks want to build a genetic database of the whole population that can easily be repurposed for genocide Hahaha. The pendulum swing is going to be glorious this time.
Will a large enough sample of pitchblende be able to enrich the U-238 enough to be warm enough to melt gallium? Also, will it emit gamma rays? I was wanting to try make a kinetic sculpture where gallium would flow in a physical simulation of plate tectonics, although I note that gallium is lighter when solid which may cause weirdness.
>>8123559 >Daily reminder that 4chan's first boards were /a/-Anime General, /b/-Anime Random and /c/-Anime Cute
Oh wait, I forgot. You are like 12 and just started coming to 4chan last week. Yeah, you wouldn't know shit about fuck right?
4chan boards may now involve a bunch of other subjects but the sticky cum that holds us all together, regardless of board, is anime. This is a website for people who like anime to come and discuss things that are not anime, with other people who like... Comment too long. Click here to view the full text.
>>8123145 We can write a proof by considering the rules as a singular transformation which preserves a uniform density. Thus equipartition of the 1s and 2s is unchanged while the number of digits increases. Thusly fluctuating from 12->122 to 22->1122 or 21->112 composes a cycle with closure such that the density on the RHS remains uniform.
I'm an undergraduate researcher and I wanted to investigate some proteins involved in LTP and LTD. Obviously as an undergraduate I don't have access to a mouse lab and I don't really have the neurosurgical skills to be dissecting the dentate gyrus.
That being said, if say I introduced AMPAR into an E. coli through a vector plasmid, if I put the E.coli in a Ca2+ or Glutamate solution, would the E. coli measurably change in concentrations? Writing this now I think this might be retarded, as I'm ignoring the scaffold proteins that orientate the AMPAR... Comment too long. Click here to view the full text.
>>8123132 The original proposal/presentation for my design is independent, so I can't really get outside help until the proposal (15 minute presentation + paper etc.). Once I propose, I can get a team and we work on the idea and get professor help.
I haven't found anything about anyone inserting neuronal DNA into E. coli, because most researchers just go straight to the source and get slices of the hippocampus or use mutated mice. I can't do either of those unfortunately.
>I am not OP >OP clearly indicates a desire to master precalcluus >it's the biggest word in his graphic >someone else promptly recommends a calculus text
>someone else is about to try to wriggle out of their stupidity by No True Scotsmanning' that Stewart is shit, not a real calculus book etc, which would both be factually false in one sense, but... Comment too long. Click here to view the full text.
>>8121778 The complex "unit circle" is the set of solutions to [math]x^2+y^2=1[/math] for complex [math]x[/math] and [math]y[/math]. This object is a 1-complex-dimensional (2-real-dimensional) manifold which contains both circles and hyperbolas a cross-sections. It is unbounded.
>"the smallest object is the atom" >atom split into nucleus and electrosphere >"the smallest object is the nucleus" >nucleus split into protons and electrons >"the smallest object is the proton" >protons split into quarks and leptons >"the smallest object is the quark" >quarks split into... Comment too long. Click here to view the full text.
Has the double-slit experiment ever been tried in a medium that shows the path of the particles?
For example with electrons through that gas that lights up when electrons pass through them. What would happen? Would we see the pattern below or would we see the usual bullshit like when a detector is placed at the slits and just get two bright spots on the target rather than the wave pattern?
>>8121679 How is that any different from the original? You realize that the screen is essentially showing the path of the particle right? It's a 2D slice of the path. If you put some idealized gas that shows the path you would just get a 3D version of what the screen shows, the diffraction pattern but spreading out.
>housemate studies chemistry >already knew she believed in ghosts, astrology and other quack shit >find out she believes in homeopathy >ask her how she can believe it when she understands some of the chemistry of how it wouldn't work >she can't answer but refuses to believe they don't How does that even work?
>>8121577 I've met some people who believe in homeopathy but they weren't science majors. Tbqh I've never met any science majors that believed in pseudoscience, although I'm sure that has to do with the kind of people I hang out with.
Hell, even Steve Jobs refused to get actual medical treatment for his cancer because he believed in alternative medicine. It's kind of unfathomable to me how people do that, but w/e.
>>8121586 Yea she's the first person I've met who both studies and excels in a science, while also believing in lots of bullshit. It baffles me, especially when lots of what she believes in goes against basic chemistry (she's big into alternative medicine)
[Note: I'm am atheist] My family are young-earth creationists. I also went to a religious boarding school. My therapist wrote a book about Christian therapy practices. About 99% of people I know believe stereotyping people is a form of psychological insight. I had a roommate that used to light catholic vigil candles believing they did all sorts of things. Vegan roommate that believed in all sorts of vegan hocus pocus. Had a friend that refused to believe in atoms. I could go on.
This is an interesting clash of Neuroscience and Philosophy, but I cannot help but ask: Is Free Will actually a thing? I'm not saying that all our choices are predetermined by something, Does Free Will mean to have an unlimited number of choices, if so then currently this is not appliable to real life (see punishment by law etc.) >inb4 we live in the Matrix
>>8121342 Meaning is not even the problem... Nothing matters and I got no problem with that, but even if so, as a human, knowing that literally no of my actions will have an impact in say... 10k years is already disdaining, but knowing that all my "choices" weren't mine to begin with, now that's what'd put most people into a noose
>>8121349 >there is no free will >there is no god >there is objective morality >life has no meaning >your consciousness is merely a passively suffering observer of a life over which you have no control Sometimes the red pill is hard to swallow. Enjoy your existential crisis.
>>8119505 It's a science all right; it just severely lacks the rigor of natural sciences like biology, chemistry and physics, leading to a large percentage of irreplicable results, which in turn makes /sci/ hate it.
That said, I do think there is a (very) small number of psychfags here, so you might get an answer if you post a question and ignore the "psychology isn't science" posts that will inevitably come.
>>8119509 Psychology has many fields which differ in their techniques. You could say that social/cultural psychology is a social science, but you can't say that for biopsychology or cognitive pshycology. Still, I think there is a difference between even the "hardest" field of psychology and chemistry, for example.
Are insects advanced enough to feel emotions and empathize with other members of their species? I've heard many people say insects are like organic robots which have no thoughts and feel no emotion. But that would mean that insects are no more advanced than bacteria, which can't be true. Is there any consensus in the scientific community about how advanced insects are?
It is generally discouraged to think of organisms as more or less advanced because we tend to define advanced as "human like" (e.g. having emotion and empathy, complex body form and various tissue types). But all these things are just adaptations to very unique niches. Some are newer than others, but all organisms alive today are here because they are adapted to their niche. Emotion and empathy are just adaptations unique to vertebrates, and likely arose due to a combination of traits and selection unique to some of these organisms'(our) history.
In short... Comment too long. Click here to view the full text.
Diagnosing people as mad has more to do with social control than therapy. Many of those labeled as schizophrenic, bipolar, and other kinds of "mad" are not ill. ... They are seeing and feeling what is wrong with society and what needs to be done to change it.
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