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Archived threads in /sci/ - Science & Math - 91. page
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What's the best textbook on mathematical logic? Something that'd be considered "canon".
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>>8453765
That's my fucking cat bro. Don't make her a meme please
>>
>>8453779
your kitty has already been meme'd.
>>
>>8453779
Your cat is too beautiful to not let become a meme

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If mathematics and observation were to ever disagree, which would you be more skeptical of? For the sake of argument, you magically know there aren't any calculation errors.
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>>8453697
So the thing with mathematics is that it is the only science we can ever be 100% sure of. So when it disagrees with observation, assuming no errors and correct observation, the only explanation is that there is math going on that we haven't discovered yet.

The math is never wrong.
>>
>>8453697

then you've used the wrong theoretical model/framework i would say.
>>
if the expected result and the actual result are inconsistent it means that either the equation didn't properly represent the actual process taking place, or there was a factor involved that wasn't accounted for ...which I guess are essentially the same thing in different words

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i'm trying to brush up on basic math and i decided to write out tanx-tany/1+tanxtany, but i can't seem to get past this point without making an error on my algebra. is it wrong to assume that you can just take sin/cos of (x-y) like this?
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>>
You've only done one step and already question the validity. ..
Divide the numerator and denominator by cosxcosy
>>
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>>8453699
but how are you supposed to know to uncancel such a thing? intuition of trying to make everything in terms of tan?
>>
>>8453705
Yes exactly.

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Pure vs Applied maths? What's the difference? Is applied maths just solving more and more equations like most undergrad courses are, and pure maths is mainly just solving proofs?
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>>
>IMG_3442.jpg
why did you take a picture of yourself
>>
>>8453662
Do pure math and you'll never touch a butt like that.
>>
>>8453665
already have tho

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How the fuck does the Universe or what created it exist or start existing?

If there was nothing before it, why'd it just suddenly decide to exist?

If it was always there, why did it suddenly start doing shit now?

If it's a cycle of existing and non-existing, why would it suddenly heat death this time around, not being able to form shit, and stay that way?
30 replies and 4 images submitted. Click here to view.
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those are some hard questions to answer, anon
>>
Matter and energy transforms. It doesn't appear or dissapear. The matter in the universe always existed and it changes its form. It didn't suddenly start anything, it transforms and atoms morph into different entities. Existence is the default state of matter, there is no why or how.
>>
You should first ask yourself the question that "before" there was anything (if that was ever the case), there was no sense of time an "fast", "quick", "suddenly", etc. are meaningless notions.
It's not like if you stand on the street and "suddenly" decide to flip your hands. For you on the street there is a notion of waiting until you do something.
If there is no time, then nothing is "suddenly". The start is just the start.

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Any /Sci/chologists or neuroscientists? How does it feel to be the future giants of /sci/.
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>>8453593
what is a "neuroscientist" really
>>
>>8453607
Kurisu Makise
>>
>>8453607
what do you mean?

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So after one day of looking around this site, I decided to make a problem for the community to answer. Show your work and no cheating. The answer, will be given out in 3 days. And I will be under name MM + MM
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is this your homework or do you actually think basic fraction problems are hard?

and it's D
>>
Yep it's just a simple little problem I just like to give a brain teaser once in a while.
>>
And no I just found it off of a random site

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What you guys think about Climate change? Is it really a thing or is earth just goint through its natural climate cycle
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>>8453545
A hoax
>>
>>>/pol/
Fuck off, climate change deniers are cancer.
>>
>>8453564
t. buttmad /x/tard
leave and never come back >>>/x/

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Everyone knows about the butterfly effect, but I've never seen anyone notice quite how powerful it is, so I thought I'd post it here.

Here is how strong it is: Every single decision you've ever made has determined which people were born thereafter, how every sporting event transpired, every 4chan get, and probably every other known fact about the world.

You only need to accept two claims to get this:

1. Small differences magnify.
If you take a second longer to cum in your girlfriend, a different sperm will get through. If Chapman takes...
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Yes. This makes me indecisive. Which I don't really think is a good thing... I'm open for debate, though
>>
>>8453434
Your actions integrate with billions of other small and big factors that shape the events around us. So whatever action you do is just a random number in an astronomic clusterfuck of an equation. There's literally no technology available to calculate these outcomes.

Even if we are pre-determined it's impossible for any machine to run such simulation.
>>
>>8453459
In case it wasn't clear, I'm not saying that every decision is the SOLE cause of every future outcome. It's just one of the trillion other causes.

This can be explained by a marketing idea of mine: Say Mountain Dew is deciding whether to release a new flavour, either blueberry or grape. They could put a button online that anyone could press, and then choose which flavour to release depending on whether the button was clicked an even or odd number of times.

Every single person who clicked...
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How do I go from knowing next to nothing about chemistry to becoming a chemistry genius without formal schooling?
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>>8453430

Cook meth.
>>
Awful show
>>
>>8453436

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Can humans do gluconeogenesis from fat or not?

Wikipedia says no, but reddit scientists on /r/askscience say yes.
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fat -> acetone -> methylglyoxal -> pyruvate

it's quantitatively insignificant though
>>
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>>8453428
>>
>>8453452
Yeah, but during long fasts isn't it the main source of gluconeogenesis?

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So I was curious and decide to weight my Ritalin perscription. The script says "10mg" so I assume each is 10mg. So I place 1 on a scale and the scale reads "0.1" when set to grams. Now if it really weighed 10mg, then shouldn't 1 pill not even read on the scale since 1g=1000mg?

Tl;dr does the weight on a pill/capsule represent the full weight of the pill/capsule, or is that weight correlate to the amount of that substance in the pill/capsule?

Pic related
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are you fucking retarded?
>>
>>8453413
you weigh the chemikillz.
so if it says 0.1 chemikillz that means you have a 10% chance of dying if you take it.
0.1 times 100%
>>
>>8453413
now before I address you as retardo deluxe, I will say that the 10 mg refers to the active compound in the pill, in this case Methyl phenyl(piperidin-2-yl)acetate, the rest of the weight are excipients

now I'm no chemist, so a more knowledgeable nerd please feel free to correct me

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Iowa State University researchers have helped demonstrate the existence of a subatomic structure once thought unlikely to exist.
James Vary, a professor of physics and astronomy, and Andrey Shirokov, a visiting scientist, together with an international team, used sophisticated supercomputer simulations to show the quasi-stable existence of a tetraneutron, a structure comprised of four neutrons (subatomic particles with no charge).

The new finding was published in Physical Review Letters, a publication of the American Physical Society, on October 28.
On their own, neutrons are very unstable and will convert into protons—positively charged subatomic particles—after ten minutes. Groups of two or three neutrons do not form a stable structure, but the new simulations in this research demonstrate that four neutrons together can form a resonance, a structure stable for a period of time before decaying.

For the tetraneutron, this lifetime is only 5×10^(-22) seconds (a tiny fraction of a billionth of a nanosecond). Though this time seems very short, it is long enough to study, and provides a new avenue for exploring the strong forces between neutrons.
"This opens up a whole new line of research," Vary said. "Studying the tetraneutron will help us understand interneutron forces including previously unexplored features of the unstable two-neutron and three-neutron systems."

The advanced simulations demonstrating the tetraneutron corroborate the first observational evidence of the tetraneutron earlier this year in an experiment performed at the RIKEN Radioactive Ion Beam Factory (RIBF), in Saitama, Japan. The tetraneutron structure has been sought for 40 years with little evidence supporting its existence, until now. The properties predicted by the calculations in the simulations were consistent with the observed properties from the experiment in Japan.
http://phys.org/news/2016-11-physicists-subatomic.html
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The research in Japan used a beam of Helium-8, Helium with 4 extra neutrons, colliding with a regular Helium-4 atom. The collision breaks up the Helium-8 into another Helium-4 and a tetraneutron in its brief resonance state, before it, too, breaks apart, forming four lone neutrons.
"We know that additional experiments with state-of-the-art facilities are in preparation with the goal to get precise characteristics of the tetraneutron," Vary said. "We are providing our state-of-the-art predictions to help guide these experiments."
The existence of the tetraneutron, once confirmed and refined, will add an interesting new entry and gap to the chart of nuclides, a graph representing all known nuclei and their isotopes, or nuclei with a different number of neutrons. Similar to the periodic table, which organizes the chemical behavior of elements, the nuclide chart represents the radioactive behavior of elements and their isotopes. While most nuclei add or subtract neutrons one at a time, this research shows that a neutron itself will have a gap between a single neutron and a tetraneutron.
The only other known neutron structure is a neutron star, small but dense stars thought to be made almost entirely of neutrons. These stars may be only about seven miles in radius but have a mass similar to that of our sun. Neutron stars have neutrons on the order 10^57. Further research may explore if there are other numbers of neutrons that form a stable resonance along the path to reaching the size of a neutron star.
>>
>simulations
stopped reading there
>>
>>8453416
>The tetraneutron structure has been sought for 40 years with little evidence supporting its existence, until now. The properties predicted by the calculations in the simulations were consistent with the observed properties from the experiment in Japan.

>The research in Japan used a beam of Helium-8, Helium with 4 extra neutrons, colliding with a regular Helium-4 atom. The collision breaks up the Helium-8 into another Helium-4 and a tetraneutron in its brief...
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What does /sci/ think about gluten free?
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>>8453291
like the BPA-free movement, it makes the world a harder, tougher place.
>>
If you're actually allergic to gluten then obviously it's fine but the people who act like it's this new revolutionary diet are crazy.
>>
Very important for folks with Celiac, completely useless for anyone else.

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My professor of the theoretical mechanics lecture just told me to read this book if i find the time to do so. is it any good?

He said it's pop-science and won't help me solve problems but still explains scientific (and also math??) concepts beautifully.
18 replies and 3 images submitted. Click here to view.
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>>8453289
I've been working on something related to the illumination problem, which was first solved by Roger Penrose, the question is: are they the same person? We'll never know, isn't this the thread where we post irrelevant events that occurred in our irrelevant life?
>>
>>8453377
it is now, thank you
>>
>>8453377
seems like it is the same guy tho

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>He seemed to open pandora's box during his last lecture: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7c1WSwqwMOE
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>>8453229
No, he's a king of typical CS retards.
>>
>>8453252
Really? If true, prove your statement then.
>>
>>8453301
The proof is trivial and is left as an exercise to the reader

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I know this isn't directly related to math and science, but one of my professors asked me if I was doing undergraduate research and talked to me as if he expects me to do it before I graduate.

so, as a math student, what does undergraduate research entail and how do I get into it?
16 replies and 1 images submitted. Click here to view.
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>>8453216

Where are you studying where they expect you to be making undergraduate research? And are you sure there was no miscommunication and the prof actually meant if you're studying something on your own?
>>
>>8453216
bumping for interest
>>
>>8453237

I go to a shitty state uni, but he was talking specifically about a grant for undergraduate researchers, and when I told him I wasn't doing it, he replied with "not yet, huh?"

I hadn't really considered it because I didn't think I was cut out for it, but his comment sparked my interest in it

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I was thinking about attaining a biology masters. I have a bacholars in Marketing so no background in chemistry or biology but am interested in learning. What colleges have no pre reqs for a masters program?
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Read the sticky, m8.
>>7734126
>>
>>8453194
Read my dick fagtron

>>>/dick/
>>
>>8453195
he's right though >>8453194
also saged

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How do I become an engineer and what are some career opportunities?

I was thinking of getting into it. I've been reviewing Arithmetic with Khan Academy to prepare myself for reacquainting myself with Algebra and the rest.

I'm going to order University Physics with Modern Physics (13th Edition) & Precalculus Mathematics in a Nutshell: Geometry, Algebra, Trigonometry at one point, after I've finished all of the math courses on Khan one or two times.

I was thinking of getting into either aeronautic engineering or, forgive my meme-tastic ambitions,...
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>>8453140
If you're serious about either of those fields, you'd better get start getting cozy with tensors, indicial notation, matrix math and vectors.
>>
>>8453173
Any recommendations on how to do that?

Books? Websites? Other Resources?
>>
Let me explain: The "Fringe" got me into this shit and it's also what lead me back to our Creator. I had an astral "encounter" for about 15 seconds and it scared the holy living fuck out of me, but you know what? It woke me the hell up! Maybe it was my doing on "the other side" and my plan all along (I do LOVE some good shock-n-awe), but at this point I don't care if it was some PSYOPS something or another. It worked, EVEN IF it was bogus. I've never experienced anything while awake, although I used to have what I considered a "reoccurring...
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do /sci/ even logic?
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Find the number for each sequence or are they connected?
>>
>>8453089
i 4
ii 9
iii dunno
>>
>>8453092
OP here. Each sequence.

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Hi /sci/,

I'm not sure whether there are any linguists around here but i suppose this is the most appropriate board.

I don't understand this analysis. Can someone explain?

Why is the possessor assumed to be an internal argument? I thought internal argument meant the argument that is merged to the right of the head... surely the possessor is merged to the left and would thus be the specifier/external argument?
the way i understand it the whole analysis rests on the assumption that the possessor is the internal argument, am i wrong?

also,...
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>>8453083
Would probably have an easier time finding someone in a Humanity board, /his/, /lit/, etc.
Although this is very interesting, thanks

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Does anyone on /sci/ have experience with the Putnam exam? It's nearing that time of year and I was considering trying it and wondering if anyone has any advice regarding it? (how should I prepare, is it fun / rewarding / waste of time etc.)

I am a college sophomore, So by the time the exam rolls around I'll be through linear algebra and diff eq. Is this level enough?
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>didnt take at least up to lin alg and diff eq by the end of high school
no shot
>>
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>>8453274
>Not finishing your phd in quadruple integrals by age 16.

Why do you even try?
>>
>>8453544
>Didn't master abstract algebra when crawling out of mother's womb

Sometimes I wonder how you people breathe without being reminded to.

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It should be as it seems we have 3 equasions and 3 unknown variables.
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>>8452991
its easy stop be lazy
>>
>It should be as it seems
It is. So go do it
>>
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>>8453001
I just cant grasp it.

This is all I have so far.
Just give me a hint please.

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Let A and B be two matrices such that AB is defined. If AB=A, does it automatically imply that B is the identity matrix of the order of the number of columns in A? There was a question saying that if AB=A and BA= B, prove that AA=A and BB=B. Pic related is the retarded solution they gave for it. I thought the most obvious way to proceed would be by saying that AB=A implies that B is the identity matrix. And hence BB must equal B, since I^2=I. Similarly, since BA=B, A=I. So, A=B=I. And AA= BB=I. Can there ever be a matrix B that is not the identity matrix such that AB=A? INB4...
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Sorry for inverted photograph.
>>
No.
Counterexample: 0X = 0.
>>
>>8452950
Plz give example. OX is always O when OX is defined, r-right? How is this related in any way? AB=AC does not imply that B and C are equal. So, going by that line of thought, if C is I, B need not be I. But I can't really think of an example to convince myself.

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So... you're telling me that V-E+F=2

So a sphere has 1 vertex and 1 face and no edges, huh?

Really makes you think...
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>>8452924
Incorrect. All you know is that V = E. Geometrically, a circle is sometimes defined as the limit of a regular n-gon as n goes to infinity. A regular n-gon has n vertices and n sides. Lazy bait, try harder next time.
>>
>>8452931
so you're telling me that a sphere has 2 faces?

now this REALLY makes me think...
>>
>>8452932
yes, the inside is one face and the outside is the other

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Why does the lift coefficient increase at negative enough angles of attack? I asked my professor, and he said he'd never really thought about it before. I'm guessing it's flow separation on the bottom of the wing, so like a stall in reverse?
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Anyone got any idea?
>>
>>8452905
> so like a stall in reverse
Yes. Just think of a symmetrical airfoil; the effect of stall will be the same in the positive and negative case. Assymetrical airfoils are a bit different but you get the idea.
>>
I have literally never seen that behavior before. Maybe flow separation? You have seriously got me thinking.

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is it even possible to be a stem and be your own boss?
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Freelance coder?
>>
Yes. Look at this guy. He makes his own hours.
>>
>>8452868
>is it even possible to be a stem and be your own boss?
Not with a pile of loans.

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show me your dankest meme, /sci/
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>>8452864
who dat?
>>
>>8452864
>>
>>8453335
cringe

Who are some people that /sci/ really enjoy but in actual fact are not credible and are most likely hacks?

>pic maybe related
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>>
Sympathetic politicians, and of course sexually attractive ones
>>
>>8452822
>>pic maybe related
Why? He looks like a straight out of the Lord of the Rings wizard of 200+ years.
Curious by the way, does this guy practice on himself? I know the Singularity guy takes thousands of vitamins, I'm assuming that his practice won't work since he takes a very reductionist approach. Bet he has expensive piss.
>>
>>8452822
Wildberger
Watson (mostly /pol/ invaders)
Dyson (mostly /pol/ invaders)
basically any contrarian

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>Science is all about critical thinking and observation!
>99% memorization
Worst meme I ever fell for.
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>>
Then don't go into Bio/Chem, pleb
>>
>>8452729
>tfw pharmacy school
Just kill me
>>
shoulda stuck with Physics


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